penitent

penitent
a) Feeling pain or sorrow on account of sins or offenses; repentant; contrite; sincerely affected by a sense of guilt, and resolved on amendment of life.

If thou be penitent and grieved, or desirous to be so, these heinous sins shall not be laid to thy charge.

b) Doing penance.
2. noun
a) One who repents of sin; one sorrowful on account of his transgressions.

Wamba, who defeated the Saracens in an attempt upon Spain, was deprived of the crown, because he had been clothed in the habit of a penitent, while labouring under the influence of poison, administered by the ambitious Erviga!

b) One under church censure, but admitted to penance; one undergoing penance.
Syn: penaunt

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  • pénitent — pénitent, ente [ penitɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] n. • XVe, repris 1606; adj. 1370; lat. pænitens, p. prés. de pænitere 1 ♦ Hist. relig. Personne momentanément exclue de la société des fidèles à cause de ses péchés. 2 ♦ Membre d une confrérie s imposant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pénitent — pénitent, ente (pé ni tan, tan t ) adj. 1°   Qui a regret d avoir offensé Dieu, qui fait pénitence. •   Ne pouvant parvenir à la première gloire de la vertu, qui serait de ne point faillir, ils négligent la seconde, qui est de savoir rhabiller… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • penitent — PENITÉNT, Ă, penitenţi, te, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. Credincios care se supune penitenţei (1). 2. adj. Care aparţine penitentului (1), de penitent. – Din fr. pénitent, lat. poenitens, ntis. Trimis de va …   Dicționar Român

  • penitent — Penitent, [penit]ente. adj. Qui a regret d avoir offensé Dieu, qui est dans la pratique, dans les exercices de la penitence. Pecheur penitent. femme penitente. On s en sert plus ordinairement dans le substantif, & il se dit particulierement de… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Penitent — Pen i*tent, a. [F. p[ e]nitent, L. paenitens, entis, poenitens, p. pr. of paenitere, poenitere, to cause to repent, to repent; prob. akin to poena punishment. See {Pain}.] 1. Feeling pain or sorrow on account of sins or offenses; repentant;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • penitent — I adjective apologetic, atoning, awakened, chastened, compunctious, conciliatory, conscience smitten, conscience stricken, contrite, expiatory, full of regrets, humble, making amends, penitential, piacular, plagued by conscience, propiatory,… …   Law dictionary

  • penitent — late 14c. (adj.), mid 15c. (n.), from O.Fr. pénitent (14c.), from L. paenitentem (see PENITENCE (Cf. penitence)). Related: Penitential …   Etymology dictionary

  • penitent — [pen′i tənt] adj. [OFr < L paenitens, prp. of paenitere, to repent; prob. akin to paene, scarcely: see PASSION] truly sorry for having sinned or done other wrong and willing to atone; contrite; repentant n. 1. a penitent person 2. a person… …   English World dictionary

  • Penitent — Pen i*tent, n. 1. One who repents of sin; one sorrowful on account of his transgressions. [1913 Webster] 2. One under church censure, but admitted to penance; one undergoing penance. [1913 Webster] 3. One under the direction of a confessor. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • penitent — [adj] shamed, sorrowful abject, apologetic, atoning, attritional, compunctious, conscience stricken, contrite, penitential, regretful, remorseful, repentant, rueful, sorry; concepts 403,542 Ant. happy, unashamed, unrepentent …   New thesaurus

  • penitent — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mos I, Mc. penitentncie; lm M. penitentnci {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} w Kościele katolickim: człowiek przystępujący do spowiedzi <łac.> {{/stl 7}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

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