A bailiff or magistrate.

From the twelfth century Shetland had been administered directly by the Norwegian crown through the foud, rather than forming part of the patrimony of a great aristocratic estate. The foud appointed underfouds and the Shetlands evolved their own elected officers, a lawman and parish lawrightmen, who adjudicated and negotiated the collection of customary taxes and fines on behalf of the local population.

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