a) A chemical process of decomposition involving the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion of water.
b) The degradation of certain biopolymers (proteins, complex sugars) by the chemical process that results in smaller polymers or monomers (such as amino acids or monosaccharides)
See Also: hydrolyze

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  • Hydrolysis — is a chemical reaction during which one or more water molecules are split into hydrogen and hydroxide ions which may go on to participate in further reactions. [Compendium of Chemical Terminology, [http://goldbook.iupac.org/H02902.html… …   Wikipedia

  • Hydrolysis — Hy*drol y*sis, n. [Hydro , 1 + lysis.] (Chem.) A chemical process causing the splitting of a chemical bond by the addition of the elements of water. Where the bond which is split is not part of a ring structure, this process causes formation of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydrolysis — hydrolysis. См. гидролиз. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • hydrolysis — chemical decomposition by water, 1880, formed in English from HYDRO (Cf. hydro ) + Gk. lysis a loosening, a dissolution, from lyein to loosen, dissolve (see LOSE (Cf. lose)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hydrolysis — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water. DERIVATIVES hydrolytic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • hydrolysis — [hī dräl′ə sis] n. pl. hydrolyses [hī dräl′isēz΄] [ HYDRO + LYSIS] a chemical reaction in which a substance reacts with water so as to be changed into one or more other substances, as a starch into glucose, natural fats into glycerol and fatty… …   English World dictionary

  • hydrolysis — /huy drol euh sis/, n., pl. hydrolyses / seez /. chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water. [1875 80; HYDRO 1 + LYSIS] * * * Chemical reaction in which water (H2O or HOH) and another reactant… …   Universalium

  • hydrolysis —   n. (pl. ses ) chemical decomposition by addition of water.    ♦ hydrolysate, n. product of hydrolysis.    ♦ hydrolyse, v.t.    ♦ hydrolytic, a …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • hydrolysis — hidrolizavimas statusas Aprobuotas sritis pašarai apibrėžtis Medžiagos skaidymas į paprastesnius cheminius junginius, naudojant tam tikrus apdorojimo vandeniu, rūgštimis, šarmais ar kitais reagentais būdus. atitikmenys: angl. hydrolysis vok.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • hydrolysis — hidrolizė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Skaidymas vandeniu. atitikmenys: angl. hydrolysis; hydrolytic cleavage rus. гидролиз; гидролитическое расщепление ryšiai: sinonimas – hidrolizinis skaidymas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrolysis — hidrolizė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Grįžtamoji jonų reakcija su vandeniu. atitikmenys: angl. hydrolysis rus. гидролиз …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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