A derivative of the pentose sugar ribose in which the 2 hydroxyl (-OH) is reduced to a hydrogen (H); it is a constituent of the nucleotides that comprise the biopolymer, deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA.

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  • deoxyribose — n. a pentose ({C5H10O4}) in which one of the hydroxyl groups of ribose has been replaced by a hydrogen. In deoxyribonucleic acids, the deoxyribose is {D 2 deoxyribose}, in which the hydroxyl at the 2 position of ribose is the one which is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • deoxyribose — deoxyribose. См. дезоксирибоза. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • deoxyribose — 1931, from DEOXY (Cf. deoxy ) (because the 2 hydroxyl ( OH) in the sugar is in this case reduced to a hydrogen (H) by loss of an oxygen) + RIBOSE (Cf. ribose) …   Etymology dictionary

  • deoxyribose — [dē äks΄ē rī′bōs] n. the sugar component, C5H10O4, of DNA …   English World dictionary

  • Deoxyribose — This article is about the naturally occurring D form of deoxyribose. For the L form, see L Deoxyribose. D Deoxyribose …   Wikipedia

  • deoxyribose — /dee ok si ruy bohs/, n. Biochem. 1. any of certain carbohydrates derived from ribose by the replacement of a hydroxyl group with a hydrogen atom. 2. the sugar, HOCH2(CHOH)2CH2CHO, obtained from DNA by hydrolysis. [1930 35; DEOXY + RIBOSE] * * *… …   Universalium

  • deoxyribose — deoksiribozė statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Cukrus, turintis penkis anglies atomus molekulėje ir įeinantis į DNR sudėtį. atitikmenys: angl. deoxyribose rus. дезоксирибоза …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • deoxyribose — (2 deoxyribose) See: ribose …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • Deoxyribose-phosphate aldolase — Identifiers EC number CAS number 9026 97 5 …   Wikipedia

  • deoxyribose nucleic acid — deoxyribose nucleic acid, = deoxyribonucleic acid. (Cf. ↑deoxyribonucleic acid) …   Useful english dictionary

  • deoxyribose — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1938 a pentose sugar C5H10O4 that is a structural element of DNA …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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