target cell

target cell
a) any cell having a specific receptor for an antibody, antigen or hormone
b) an abnormal red blood cell with a ringed appearance, associated with some anemias

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  • target cell — n a cell that is acted on selectively by a specific agent (as a virus, drug, or hormone) <the receptor that HIV binds to in entering its target cells (Michael Balter)> * * * 1. a cell that is the focus of attack by antibodies, cytotoxic T… …   Medical dictionary

  • Target cell — is a term given to one of three different concepts in medicine.* In hematology, target cells are abnormal red blood cells, that have a bullseye appearance. (See main article: codocyte)* In endocrinology, target cells can refer to the cells where… …   Wikipedia

  • target cell —  Target Cell  Клетка Мишень   В гематологии аномальная красная клетка крови (эритроцит), внутри которой при окрашивании образца крови наблюдаются сменяющие друг друга темные и светлые кольца. Существование клеток мишеней в крови наблюдается при… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • target cell — 1) a cell that is the focus of attack by antibodies, cytotoxic T cells, or natural killer cells or is the object of the action of a specific hormone. 2) (in haematology) an abnormal form of red blood cell (erythrocyte) in which the cell assumes… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • target cell — noun 1. any cell that has a specific receptor for an antigen or antibody or hormone or drug, or is the focus of contact by a virus or phagocyte or nerve fiber etc. • Hypernyms: ↑somatic cell, ↑vegetative cell 2. an abnormal red blood cell with… …   Useful english dictionary

  • cell — cell1 cell like, adj. /sel/, n. 1. a small room, as in a convent or prison. 2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole. 3. a small group acting as a unit within a larger organization: a local cell of the… …   Universalium

  • cell-mediated cytotoxicity — cytolysis of a target cell by effector lymphocytes, such as cytotoxic T lymphocytes or NK cells; it may be antibody dependent (see antibody dependent cell mediated c.) or independent, as in certain type IV hypersensitivity reactions (q.v.) …   Medical dictionary

  • cell signaling — synthesis and release by a cell of a substance, such as a hormone, that binds to receptors on and effects a specific response in a target cell …   Medical dictionary

  • target corpuscle — noun see target cell …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cell signaling — is part of a complex system of communication that governs basic cellular activities and coordinates cell actions. [Witzany, G. (2000). Life: The Communicative Structure. Norderstedt, Libri BoD.] The ability of cells to perceive and correctly… …   Wikipedia

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