To separate (a mixture) into its individual constituents by exploiting differences in some chemical or physical property, such as boiling point, particle size, solubility etc.

Crude oil is fractionated in a refinery to produce a number of different petroleum products.

See Also: fractionation

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  • Fractionate — Frac tion*ate, v. t. To separate (a mixture of chemical substances) into different portions or fractions, as in the distillation of liquids. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fractionate — [frak′shən āt΄] vt. fractionated, fractionating 1. to separate into fractions, or parts 2. Chem. to separate into fractions by crystallization, distillation, etc. fractionation n …   English World dictionary

  • fractionate — transitive verb ( ated; ating) Date: 1867 1. to separate (as a mixture) into different portions especially by a fractional process 2. to divide or break up • fractionation noun • fractionator noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fractionate — /frak sheuh nayt /, v.t., fractionated, fractionating. 1. to separate or divide into component parts, fragments, divisions, etc. 2. to separate (a mixture) into ingredients or into portions having different properties, as by distillation or… …   Universalium

  • fractionate — frac·tion·ate shə .nāt vt, at·ed; at·ing to separate (as a mixture) into different portions (as by distillation or precipitation) * * * frac·tion·ate (frakґshən āt) to break up into smaller, generally equal, parts, such as in a… …   Medical dictionary

  • fractionate — Synonyms and related words: aerate, aerify, atomize, carbonate, chlorinate, distill, emit, etherify, etherize, evaporate, exhale, fluidize, fume, fumigate, gasify, give off, hydrogenate, oxygenate, perfume, reek, send out, smoke, spray, steam,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • fractionate — frac·tion·ate || frækʃəneɪt v. break up into sections or parts; separate the ingredients of a mixture …   English contemporary dictionary

  • fractionate — [ frakʃ(ə)neɪt] verb chiefly Chemistry divide into fractions or components. Derivatives fractionation noun …   English new terms dictionary

  • fractionate — frac·tion·ate …   English syllables

  • fractionate — frac•tion•ate [[t]ˈfræk ʃəˌneɪt[/t]] v. t. at•ed, at•ing 1) to separate or divide into component parts 2) chem. to separate (a mixture) into ingredients or into portions having different properties 3) chem. to obtain by such a process • Etymology …   From formal English to slang

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