a) to convert a fat or oil into soap; to be converted into soap
b) to hydrolyze an ester using an alkali

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  • Saponify — Sa*pon i*fy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Saponified}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Saponifying}.] [L. sapo, onis, soap + fy: cf. F. saponifier.] To convert into soap, as tallow or any fat; hence (Chem.), to subject to any similar process, as that which ethereal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • saponify — ► VERB (saponifies, saponified) Chemistry ▪ turn (fat or oil) into soap by reaction with an alkali. DERIVATIVES saponification noun. ORIGIN from Latin sapo soap …   English terms dictionary

  • saponify — [sə pän′ə fī΄] vt. saponified, saponifying [Fr saponifier < L sapo (gen. saponis), soap (< Gmc * saipo > OE sape, SOAP) + Fr fier, FY] to subject to saponification; specif., to convert (a fat) into soap by reaction with an alkali vi. to… …   English World dictionary

  • saponify — verb ( fied; fying) Etymology: French saponifier, from Latin sapon , sapo Date: 1821 transitive verb to convert (as fat) into soap; specifically to hydrolyze (a fat) with alkali to form a soap and glycerol intransitive verb to undergo saponifying …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • saponify — saponifiable, adj. saponification, n. saponifier, n. /seuh pon euh fuy /, v., saponified, saponifying. Chem. v.t. 1. to convert (a fat) into soap by treating with an alkali. 2. to decompose (any ester), forming the corresponding alcohol and acid… …   Universalium

  • saponify — To perform or undergo saponification. * * * sa·pon·i·fy sə pän ə .fī vb, fied; fy·ing vt to convert (as a fat or fatty acid) into soap: subject to saponification vi to undergo saponification * * * sa·pon·i·fy (sə ponґĭ fi) to produce 1 …   Medical dictionary

  • saponify — sa·pon·i·fy || sÉ™ pÉ‘nɪfaɪ / pÉ’ v. convert into soap …   English contemporary dictionary

  • saponify —    To turn into soap by decomposition with alkali …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • saponify — [sə pɒnɪfʌɪ] verb (saponifies, saponifying, saponified) Chemistry turn (fat or oil) into soap by reaction with an alkali. ↘convert (any ester) into an alcohol and a salt by alkaline hydrolysis. Derivatives saponifiable adjective saponification… …   English new terms dictionary

  • saponify — sa·pon·i·fy …   English syllables

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