The hydrolysis of proteins into peptides and amino acids; especially as part of the digestion of food.

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  • Proteolysis — is the directed degradation ( digestion ) of proteins by cellular enzymes called proteases or by intramolecular digestion.PurposesProteolysis is used by the cell for several purposes. They include: * Removal of N terminal methionine residues… …   Wikipedia

  • Proteolysis — Pro te*ol y*sis, n. [NL. See {Proteolytic}.] (Physiol. Chem.) The digestion or dissolving of proteid matter by proteolytic ferments. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • proteolysis — [prōt΄ē äl′ə sis] n. [ModL: see PROTEIN & LYSIS] Biochem. the breaking down of proteins, as by gastric juices, to form simpler substances proteolytic [prōt΄ēō lit′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • proteolysis — proteolytic /proh tee euh lit ik/, adj. /proh tee ol euh sis/, n. Biochem. the breaking down of proteins into simpler compounds, as in digestion. [1875 80; proteo (comb. form repr. PROTEIN) + LYSIS] * * * Process in which a protein is broken down …   Universalium

  • proteolysis — Cleavage of proteins by proteases. Limited proteolysis occurs where proteins are functionally modified (activated in the case of zymogens) by highly specific proteases …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • proteolysis — proteolizė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Hidrolizinis baltymų skaidymas iki aminorūgščių. atitikmenys: angl. proteolysis rus. протеолиз …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • proteolysis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1880 the hydrolysis of proteins or peptides with formation of simpler and soluble products …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • proteolysis — The decomposition of protein; primarily via the hydrolysis of peptide bonds, both enzymatically and nonenzymatically. [proteo + G. lysis, dissolution] * * * pro·te·ol·y·sis .prōt ē äl ə səs n, pl y·ses .sēz the hydrolysis of proteins or peptides… …   Medical dictionary

  • proteolysis — prəʊtɪ É‘lÉ™sɪs / É’l n. dissolution of proteins, breaking down of proteins …   English contemporary dictionary

  • proteolysis — [ˌprəʊtɪ ɒlɪsɪs] noun Biochemistry the breakdown of proteins or peptides into amino acids by the action of enzymes. Derivatives proteolytic adjective proteolytically adverb …   English new terms dictionary

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