conjugate acid

conjugate acid
Any compound, of general formula HX, which can be transformed into a conjugate base X by the loss of a proton.

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  • Conjugate acid — Within the Brønsted–Lowry acid base theory (protonic), a conjugate acid is the acid member, HX, of a pair of two compounds that transform into each other by gain or loss of a proton. A conjugate acid can also be seen as the chemical substance… …   Wikipedia

  • conjugate acid — a chemical species that is formed from its conjugate base by addition of a proton, e.g., ammonium (NH4+) is the conjugate acid of ammonia (NH3) …   Medical dictionary

  • conjugate acid — konjuguotoji rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Rūgštis, egzistuojanti kartu su baze ir turinti vienu protonu daugiau negu bazė. atitikmenys: angl. conjugate acid; conjugated acid rus. сопряженная кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • conjugate acid-base pair — noun two molecular entities, one of which (the acid) can readily transfer a proton to the other (the base) …   Wiktionary

  • Acid dissociation constant — Acetic acid, a weak acid, donates a proton (hydrogen ion, high …   Wikipedia

  • acid–base reaction — ▪ chemistry Introduction       a type of chemical process typified by the exchange of one or more hydrogen ions, H+, between species that may be neutral (molecules, such as water, H2O; or acetic acid, CH3CO2H) or electrically charged (ions, such… …   Universalium

  • Acid–base reaction — An acid base reaction is a chemical reaction that occurs between an acid and a base. Several concepts exist which provide alternative definitions for the reaction mechanisms involved and their application in solving related problems. Despite… …   Wikipedia

  • acid — 1. A compound yielding a hydrogen ion in a polar solvent ( e.g., in water); acids form salts by replacing all or part of the ionizable hydrogen with an electropositive element or radical. 2. In popular …   Medical dictionary

  • Acid catalysis — In acid catalysis and base catalysis a chemical reaction is catalyzed by an acid or a base. The acid is often the proton and the base is often a hydroxyl ion. Typical reactions catalysed by proton transfer are esterfications and aldol reactions.… …   Wikipedia

  • conjugate base — a chemical species that is formed from its conjugate acid by removal of a proton; e.g., acetate (CH3COO−) is the conjugate base of acetic acid (CH3COOH) …   Medical dictionary

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