oxidation number

oxidation number
the net sum of the negative, less the positive, charges on an atom

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  • Oxidation number — Not to be confused with oxidation state. Oxidation numbers of carbon and hydrogen in ethane In coordination chemistry, the oxidation number of a central atom in a coordination compound is the charge that it would have if all the ligands were… …   Wikipedia

  • oxidation number — ▪ chemistry also called  Oxidation State,        the total number of electrons (electron) that an atom either gains or loses in order to form a chemical bond (chemical bonding) with another atom.       Each atom that participates in an oxidation… …   Universalium

  • oxidation number — a number assigned to each atom in a molecule or ion that represents the number of electrons theoretically gained (positive oxidation numbers) or lost (negative numbers) in converting the atom to the elemental form. Oxidation numbers are assigned… …   Medical dictionary

  • oxidation number — noun the degree of oxidation of an atom or ion or molecule; for simple atoms or ions the oxidation number is equal to the ionic charge the oxidation number of hydrogen is +1 and of oxygen is 2 • Syn: ↑oxidation state • Hypernyms: ↑number …   Useful english dictionary

  • oxidation number — oksidacijos laipsnis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Sąlyginis atomo krūvis junginyje, kurį atomas įgytų netekdamas (prisijungdamas) valentinių elektronų. atitikmenys: angl. oxidation degree; oxidation number; valence number rus. степень… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • oxidation number — (also oxidation state) noun Chemistry a number representing the number of electrons lost or gained by an atom of a particular element when chemically combined …   English new terms dictionary

  • oxidation number — noun see oxidation state …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • oxidation number — /ɒksəˈdeɪʃən nʌmbə/ (say oksuh dayshuhn numbuh) noun a number representing the electric charges that the atom would have if the electrons in a compound were assigned to the atoms in a conventional way, as FeCl3, where the ferric ion has three… …  

  • Oxidation state — Not to be confused with Oxidation number. In chemistry, the oxidation state is an indicator of the degree of oxidation of an atom in a chemical compound. The formal oxidation state is the hypothetical charge that an atom would have if all bonds… …   Wikipedia

  • oxidation–reduction reaction — ▪ chemical reaction Introduction also called  redox reaction        any chemical reaction in which the oxidation number of a participating chemical species changes. The term covers a large and diverse body of processes. Many oxidation– reduction… …   Universalium

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