noun /ˈdʒɛrənd/
a) A verbal form that functions as a verbal noun. (In English, a gerund has the same spelling as a present participle, but functions differently.)

In the phrase ‘Walking is good exercise.’, walking is a gerund.

b) In some languages such as Italian or Russian, a verbal form similar to a present participle, but functioning as an adverb. These words are sometimes referred to as conjunctive participles.

In the Russian Нельзя переходить улицу читая газету.’ (One shouldn’t cross a street while reading a newspaper.), читая ‘while reading’ is a gerund.

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  • gerund — gèrund (gerùndīj) m DEFINICIJA gram. infinitni glagolski oblik u latinskom, u kosim padežima zamjenjuje infinitiv, na hrvatski se ob. prevodi glagolskom imenicom [ars scribendi umijeće pisanja] ETIMOLOGIJA lat. gerundum: što se mora obaviti;… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Gerund — Ger und, n. [L. gerundium, fr. gerere to bear, carry, perform. See {Gest} a deed, {Jest}.] (Lat. Gram.) [1913 Webster] 1. A kind of verbal noun, having only the four oblique cases of the singular number, and governing cases like a participle.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gerund — 1510s, from L.L. gerundium, from Old Latin gerundum to be carried out, gerundive of gerere to bear, carry. In Latin, a verbal noun used for all cases of the infinitive but the nominative; applied in English to verbal nouns in ing …   Etymology dictionary

  • gerund — see verbal noun …   Modern English usage

  • gerund — ► NOUN Grammar ▪ a verb form which functions as a noun, in English ending in ing (e.g. asking in do you mind my asking you?). ORIGIN Latin gerundum, from gerere do …   English terms dictionary

  • gerund — [jer′ənd] n. [LL gerundium < L gerundus, ger. of gerere, to do, carry out] Gram. 1. in Latin, a verbal noun in the singular of all cases but the nominative, used to indicate continuing or generalized action (Ex.: probandi in onus probandi,… …   English World dictionary

  • Gerund — In linguistics[1] As applied to English, it refers to the usage of a verb (in its ing form) as a noun (for example, the verb learning in the sentence Learning is an easy process for some ).[2] As applied to French, it refers either to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gerund — Das Gerundium (nicht zu verwechseln mit dem Gerundivum) wird im Lateinischen, im Englischen (engl. gerund) und in zahlreichen romanischen Sprachen (franz. gérondif, ital. und span. gerundio, portug. gerúndio) dazu verwendet, ein Verb zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gerund — gerundial /jeuh run dee euhl/, adj. gerundially, adv. /jer euhnd/, n. Gram. 1. (in certain languages, as Latin) a form regularly derived from a verb and functioning as a noun, having in Latin all case forms but the nominative, as Latin dicendi… …   Universalium

  • gerund — UK [ˈdʒerənd] / US noun [countable] Word forms gerund : singular gerund plural gerunds linguistics a noun formed by adding ing to a verb, that describes an action, such as running or believing …   English dictionary

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