The fragment of predicate logic in which all predicate letters are monadic (that is, they take only one argument), and there are no function letters.

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• Monadic predicate calculus — In logic, the monadic predicate calculus is the fragment of predicate calculus in which all predicate letters are monadic (that is, they take only one argument), and there are no function letters. All atomic formulae have the form P(x), where P… …   Wikipedia

• Predicate functor logic — In mathematical logic, predicate functor logic (PFL) is one of several ways to express first order logic (formerly known as predicate logic) by purely algebraic means, i.e., without quantified variables. PFL employs a small number of algebraic… …   Wikipedia

• Monadic Boolean algebra — In abstract algebra, a monadic Boolean algebra is an algebraic structure with signature 〈A, ·, +, , 0, 1, ∃〉 of type 〈2,2,1,0,0,1〉, where 〈A, ·, +, , 0, 1〉 is a Boolean algebra. The prefixed unary operator ∃ denotes the existential quantifier,… …   Wikipedia

• logic — logicless, adj. /loj ik/, n. 1. the science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference. 2. a particular method of reasoning or argumentation: We were unable to follow his logic. 3. the system or principles of… …   Universalium

• Logic — For other uses, see Logic (disambiguation). Philosophy …   Wikipedia

• Predicate abstraction — In logic, predicate abstraction is the result of creating a predicate from an open sentence. If Q(x) is any formula with x free then the predicate formed from that sentence is (λx.Q(x)), where λ is an abstraction operator. The resultant predicate …   Wikipedia

• First-order logic — is a formal logical system used in mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, and computer science. It goes by many names, including: first order predicate calculus, the lower predicate calculus, quantification theory, and predicate logic (a less… …   Wikipedia

• Outline of logic — The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to logic: Logic – formal science of using reason, considered a branch of both philosophy and mathematics. Logic investigates and classifies the structure of statements and… …   Wikipedia

• Second-order logic — In logic and mathematics second order logic is an extension of first order logic, which itself is an extension of propositional logic.[1] Second order logic is in turn extended by higher order logic and type theory. First order logic uses only… …   Wikipedia

• Decidability (logic) — In logic, the term decidable refers to the decision problem, the question of the existence of an effective method for determining membership in a set of formulas. Logical systems such as propositional logic are decidable if membership in their… …   Wikipedia